Focus of Research:
Harvard Medical School
Co-Authors Baudrand R, Lian CG, Lian BQ, Ricchiuti V, Yao TM, Li J, Williams GH, Adler GK
BACKGROUND/AIM: Obesity is associated with changes in adiponectin and pro-inflammatory adipokines. Sodium intake can affect adipokine secretion suggesting a role in cardiovascular dysfunction. We tested if long-term dietary sodium restriction modifies the expression of adiponectin and ameliorates the pro-inflammatory profile of obese, diabetic mice.
METHODS/RESULTS: Db/db mice were randomized to high sodium (HS 1.6% Na+, n = 6) or low sodium (LS 0.03% Na+, n = 8) diet for 16 weeks and compared with lean, db/+ mice on HS diet (n = 8). Insulin levels were 50% lower in the db/db mice on LS diet when compared with HS db/db (p < 0.05). LS diet increased cardiac adiponectin mRNA levels in db/db mice by 5-fold when compared with db/db mice on HS diet and by 2-fold when compared with HS lean mice (both p < 0.01). LS diet increased adiponectin in adipose tissue compared with db/db mice on HS diet, achieving levels similar to those of lean mice. MCP-1, IL-6 and TNF-α expression were reduced more than 50% in adipose tissue of db/db mice on LS diet when compared with HS db/db mice (all p < 0.05), to levels observed in the HS lean mice. Further, LS db/db mice had significantly reduced circulating MCP-1 and IL-6 levels when compared with HS db/db mice (both p < 0.01).
CONCLUSION: In obese-diabetic mice, long-term LS diet increases adiponectin in heart and adipose tissue and reduces pro-inflammatory factors in adipose tissue and plasma. These additive mechanisms may contribute to the potential cardioprotective benefits of LS diet in obesity-related metabolic disorders.
View in: PubMed
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2014 Jan;24(1):34-41